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Govt taking measures to boost agricultur…

20-09-2017

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Introduction to Climate

Climate changes

Climate describes the type of weather a place experiences over the long term, usually measured over years. Climate is sometimes known as "average weather". Climate change is a gradual shift in the average weather.

There are many different climates around the world, divided into climate zones. They include tropical, desert, temperate and polar climates. These exist because different parts of the Earth receive different amounts on sunlight. The Sun is stronger nearer the equator and weaker nearer the poles. The strength of sunlight also varies with the seasons. Most places outside the tropics experience winter and summer. The tropics are warm all the year round and instead experience wet and dry seasons.

Different climates have different patterns of temperature and rainfall. Rainfall is highest in the tropics, and lowest in the deserts and near the poles. Temperature varies hugely across the Earth. The highest temperatures occur in the hot deserts where values of over 50°C have been recorded. In contrast, temperatures in polar climates have been known to fall below -80°C. The average temperature of the global climate is about 15°C.

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Weather vs. Climate

Sunny Day.

Weather. It keeps you guessing. It makes every day an adventure. Whatever the weather is doing now, it’s probably going to be doing something else in a matter of hours.

Weather also can vary abruptly from place to place. Sometimes the places are very close together. It could be raining at your house, but dry at school a few blocks away.

Meteorologists are scientists who study weather and weather prediction. With lots of high-tech tools, including the GOES satellites and radar and other ground-based instruments, meteorologists can give us a good idea of what the weather will be like for a few days in the future.

Climate is the bigger picture of temperatures, rainfall, wind and other conditions over a larger region and longer time. Climate scientists (called climatologists) have sorted Earth’s regional climates into categories, or zones, based mostly on average temperatures and precipitation. These are the characteristics that determine whether a region is a tundra, a desert, or a rain forest.

An easy way to remember the difference between weather and climate is that climate helps you decide what clothes to buy, and weather helps you decide what clothes to wear each day!

http://scijinks.nasa.gov/weather-v-climate

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