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Govt taking measures to boost agricultur…


Govt taking measures to boost agriculture-led exports: commerce minister

Pakistan Today: Share this on WhatsApp... Read more

Offshore Wind Brings Opportunity to Mary…


Earth Justice: Plans for offshore wind farms in Maryland could revitalize a former industrial stronghold, creating over 9,000 jobs... Read more

Kingston City council votes to close mun…


Kingston City council votes to close municipal golf course

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Man’s action helped revive neglected, po…


The State: Dave Hargett has worked for years to restore and stabilize the area around Lake Conestee, a long-neglected reservoir with a legacy of... Read more

The US And Syria Are Now The Only Countr…


Huffington Post: Nicaragua, which refused to sign in protest of a weak global climate agreement, says it’s now joining... Read more

Magnitude 6.1 Earthquake Hits Off Japane…


Magnitude 6.1 Earthquake Hits Off Japanese Coast, Along Pacific Ring of Fire

KTLA: A day after a powerful earthquake along the Pacific Ring of Fire hit Mexico, another large quake hit the same area of... Read more

Magnitude 6.4 quake strikes Vanuatu in P…


Reuters: A strong earthquake of magnitude 6.4 struck Vanuatu's Erromango island in the Pacific Ocean on Thursday, but caused no damage, the U.S... Read more

Introduction to Climate

Climate changes

Climate describes the type of weather a place experiences over the long term, usually measured over years. Climate is sometimes known as "average weather". Climate change is a gradual shift in the average weather.

There are many different climates around the world, divided into climate zones. They include tropical, desert, temperate and polar climates. These exist because different parts of the Earth receive different amounts on sunlight. The Sun is stronger nearer the equator and weaker nearer the poles. The strength of sunlight also varies with the seasons. Most places outside the tropics experience winter and summer. The tropics are warm all the year round and instead experience wet and dry seasons.

Different climates have different patterns of temperature and rainfall. Rainfall is highest in the tropics, and lowest in the deserts and near the poles. Temperature varies hugely across the Earth. The highest temperatures occur in the hot deserts where values of over 50°C have been recorded. In contrast, temperatures in polar climates have been known to fall below -80°C. The average temperature of the global climate is about 15°C.


Weather vs. Climate

Sunny Day.

Weather. It keeps you guessing. It makes every day an adventure. Whatever the weather is doing now, it’s probably going to be doing something else in a matter of hours.

Weather also can vary abruptly from place to place. Sometimes the places are very close together. It could be raining at your house, but dry at school a few blocks away.

Meteorologists are scientists who study weather and weather prediction. With lots of high-tech tools, including the GOES satellites and radar and other ground-based instruments, meteorologists can give us a good idea of what the weather will be like for a few days in the future.

Climate is the bigger picture of temperatures, rainfall, wind and other conditions over a larger region and longer time. Climate scientists (called climatologists) have sorted Earth’s regional climates into categories, or zones, based mostly on average temperatures and precipitation. These are the characteristics that determine whether a region is a tundra, a desert, or a rain forest.

An easy way to remember the difference between weather and climate is that climate helps you decide what clothes to buy, and weather helps you decide what clothes to wear each day!

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